The Difference Between Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2

Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects the way that a person’s body regulates their blood sugar levels. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), over 100 million people who live in the United States currently struggle with the devastating effects that it has on the body. And that statistic is only in regards to the adults who have been diagnosed with it. Many children suffer from it too. But what some people may not know about diabetes is that there are two common types of it, and each type requires a special treatment plan to control it.

What is Type-One Diabetes?

Type-one diabetes is an autoimmune disorder wherein the body attacks the cells that are responsible for making insulin. Insulin is crucial to a person’s health because it acts as a key to open up the body’s cells, so they can receive sugar for energy. Without it, they begin to starve, and the sugar that a person gets from the food that they eat builds up in the blood stream. This causes it to reach extremely high levels very fast. Because of this, many people receive their initial diagnosis of type-one diabetes after a visit to an emergency room. Sometimes, this can be prevented if a person who knows that they have a family history of the condition gets tested regularly though.

What is Type-Two Diabetes?

Type-two diabetes is primarily caused by obesity and poor eating habits. It is different than type-one diabetes because a person who has this condition is often able to produce insulin, but their body doesn’t use it very well. This is often called “insulin resistance.” If a person is able to correct their weight by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly, they can often reverse this condition.

How Are the Two Types of Diabetes Treated?

Because people with type-one diabetes don’t have enough insulin, they have to receive daily injections of it. And they may have to take other types of medications that lower their blood sugar levels along with them. Those who have type-two diabetes are primarily treated with medications, but they may need to receive insulin injections too if their condition becomes severe. Both type-one and type-two diabetes patients are encouraged to eat a healthy diet and exercise. And they have to monitor their blood sugar levels before and after they eat, shower in hot water, or perform any strenuous activity that could lower their blood sugar levels too much.

What is the Long-Term Prognosis for Both Types of Diabetes?

Although both types of diabetes are chronic conditions that last for years, they are both highly manageable. Any severe complications that occur from them are usually due to a patient’s struggle with eating a proper diet, exercising enough, and getting the medications or insulin injections that they need. Patients with type-one diabetes may struggle the most though because the insulin injections are done in the abdomen, and they can cause bruising and pain that is difficult to tolerate. Sometimes, they can cause weight gain too.

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